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(ESM) of battery device. Experimental image of lithium-ion activity in a silicon anode of all-solid thin film batteries (LiCoO 2 /LiPON/a-Si). ORNL 2011-G00215/jcn UT-B ID 200902329 06.2011 Mapping Battery Activity at the Level of a Billionth of a Meter An ORNL method and apparatus offer a new approach to revealing battery behavior at the nanoscale. With this invention, researchers successfully m…

Spatially Resolved Quantitative Mapping for Thermal Analysis Using Scanning Probe Microscopy ORNL researchers invented a method that uses band excitation acoustic force microscopy for quantitative mapping of polymeric materials. This technique probes thermomechanical properties and phase transition temperatures of materials at the nanometer scale. Data from this method are important for a variety…

Carbon Nanotubes at Interface of Electronics, Aeronautics Show Exceptional Ability to Diffuse Damaging Heat Managing the heat in microelectronics is an ever-increasing problem. Shearing the heat from the superhot leading edges of hypersonic vehicles such as the Space Shuttle is another high priority research challenge. Scientists at ORNL have discovered that when vertically aligned carbon nanotub…

Material-Independent Design of Photoluminescent Systems Nanomaterials have attracted much attention recently because of their unique functionality. Researchers at ORNL have discovered a method to make nonluminescent nanostructured materials luminescent (photoluminescent and/or electroluminescent), independent of the starting material. This material-independent approach enables conversion of many …

: Fact Sheets
: Optoelectronic, Assembly, Coal...

Using adaptive band excitation, ORNL researchers invented new scanning probe microscopy (SPM) techniques that offer improved data acquisition, processing, and control. These techniques enable researchers to carry out functional imaging and manipulation down to the nanometer and atomic scale. The invention can be applied to all force-based scanning probe microscopy techniques, including intermitte…

Bioluminescent Bioreporter Integrated Circuits To address the need for fieldable real-time biological recognition systems, ORNL researchers developed a laboratory on a chip using genetically engineered whole cell biosensors attached to integrated circuits (ICs). These bioluminescent bioreporters can be deployed to assist with environmental detection and analysis during natural and human disaste…

Real Space Mapping of Oxygen Vacancy Diffusion and Electrochemical Transformations by Hysteretic Current Reversal Curve Measurements Electrochemical energy storage and conversion systems based on solid gas and solid liquid reactions and local bias-induced transformations are a vital component of future energy and information technologies. Development of high- energy and power-density materials ne…

Flexible, Transparent, Conducting Nanotubes Advance Electronics, Sensors, Biomembranes Flexible transparent conducting coatings are of high commercial value today in low cost, flexible photovoltaic cells, large electronic LED displays, optics, and electromagnetic shielding. Currently, the carbon nanotubes that make up such coatings are highly conducting, but they absorb too much light in the visi…

: Fact Sheets
: Sensor, Assembly, Flexible...

Carbon Nanotubes Make Simultaneous Temperature, Pressure Sensors Possible Carbon nanotubes have high thermal conductivity, an advantage for channeling heat and sensing temperature. The combination of pressure and temperature sensing, with the nanotubes other unique multifunctional properties optical transparency, charge dissipation, and electrical shielding strength enhancement makes the nanotub…

Trapping and Measuring Charged Particles in Liquids A nanoscale version of the Paul ion trap was developed by researchers at ORNL to trap and filter single atomic and molecular ions in liquid environments. Nanoscale control of matter offers an unprecedented means of examining and manipulating biological molecules, ions, polymers, and reactions. Genome sequencing especially benefits from the nanos…

: Fact Sheets
: Particle, Liquid, Nanoscale...
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