• Biosciences
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Plant growth promoting rhizobacterium Disclosure Number 201202828 Technology Summary Microbial interactions elicit a range of host plant responses from antagonistic or neutral reactions to beneficial reactions that confer enhanced fitness. Here we describe properties of the newly discovered P. fluorescens strain GM30 isolated by us from the Populus deltoi…

Microorganisms to Speed Production of Biofuels Researchers at ORNL developed microorganisms that can quickly overcome the resistance of biomass to breakdown, and improved both the cost and efficiency of the biofuel conversion process. Conventional biomass pretreatment methods release sugars, weak acids, and metabolic by-products that slow down or even stop fermentation, resulting in slower biofu…

: Fact Sheets
: Biomass, Ethanol, Production...

Development of Ni-Fe Hydrogenation Catalyst from D. Gigas Hydrogenase Development of Ni-Fe Hydrogenation Catalyst from D. Gigas Hydrogenase Disclosure Number 200201143 Technology Summary An active form of the Ni-Fe active center isolated from deep within the hydrogenase enzyme from the sulfur reducing bacteria, Desulfovibrio gigas. Inventor BOROLE, ABH…

Caloramator sp. Tolerance of Pretreatment Inhibitors from Lignocellulosics ORNL inventors discovered a novel microorganism that displays exceptional tolerance to several growth inhibitors generated during dilute acid pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass. Vanillin, furfural, hydroxymethylfurfural and lignin are known to inhibit the growth of microorganisms, such as yeast, during fermentation of…

: Fact Sheets

Method for Preparing Nanoporous Cell-Scaled Reaction Vessels Researchers at ORNL developed a method to engineer and fabricate nanoscale reaction vessels that mimic biological cells. The picoliter-size reaction vessls have nanoscale pores that allow molecules to enter and exit based on their size, much as molecules do in living cells. This method can eventually be used to contain and create more c…

Genetically Modified Microorganisms with Enhanced Tolerance to Inhibitors and Stress The potential of bioenergy to replace large amounts of petroleum depends largely on whether cellulosic ethanol can be cost-competitive with gasoline. A core challenge for cost efficient ethanol production is the resistance of biomass to breakdown. Pretreatment is needed to combat biomass recalcitrance for sugar…

: Fact Sheets
: Ethanol, Cost, Stress...

Fsheetx Msg Biomed07 POC: David M. Hetrick (865)576-7556/hetrickdm@ornl.gov http://computing.ornl.gov/cse_home/cms/cmshome.shtml Scientific Computing Within the ORNL Modeling & Simulation Group: Biomedical Engineering and Informatics The ORNL Modeling and Simulation Group (MSG) develops sophisticated numerical solutions for a wide range of scientific, engineering, and operational applications…

BESC - A novel monolignol that reduces recalcitrance of plant cell walls BESC - A novel monolignol that reduces recalcitrance of plant cell walls Disclosure Number 201102581 Technology Summary A new plant monolignol has been identified and associated changes in upstream lignin precursors that together result in the reduced recalcitrance of cell walls to …

Microbial Reduction of Furfurals to Furan Alcohols by a Microbial Species An ORNL researcher developed a method for producing furfuryl alcohol (FA) through bioprocessing using a thermophilic microorganism. This organism has been shown to be highly resistant to the toxic effects of furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and can propagate in the presence of over 48 g/L (500 mM) of furfural. The…

Hand-Held Analyzer Quickly Detects Buried Human Remains A lightweight hand-held analyzer invented by ORNL researchers uses visual and auditory cues to quickly alert investigators to the presence of buried human remains. The Lightweight Analyzer for Buried Remains And Decomposition Odor Recognition (LABRADOR) is a significant step forward in the field of forensic chemistry for clandestine grave …

: Fact Sheets
: Human Body, Radar, Light Weight...
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