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Carbon or Graphite Foam Heating Element for Regulating Engine Fluids Automotive engines need to run hotter to meet requirements for better fuel economy and lower emissions, but devices to keep engine fluids from becoming too hot can add weight, cost, and complexity to engine designs. ORNL researchers developed a graphite foam heating element that can eliminate the need for a separate cooler for o…

Agent-Based Software for Gathering and Summarizing Textual and Internet Information ORNL s Piranha solves the challenge most users face: finding a way to sift through large amounts of data that provide accurate and relevant information. This requires software that can quickly filter, relate, and show documents and relationships. Piranha is JavaScript search, analysis, storage, and retrieval softw…

: Fact Sheets
: Information , Measure, Internet...

An Environmentally Safe Detector for Hazardous Gas ORNL researchers developed a breakthrough design for a hazardous-gas detector that is environmentally safe and inexpensive and that includes both sensing and detecting means. The invention can detect and identify volatile organic and inorganic substances in vapors faster than conventional methods. Improved sensitivity using less complicated, less…

A small appliance developed at ORNL dehumidifies air and then recycles heat to warm water in a water heater. The device circulates cool, dry air in summer and warm air in winter. In addition, the invention can cut the energy required to run a conventional water heater by an estimated 50 per cent. Conventional electric water heater designs have reached the limit of efficiency. The ORNL technology…

: Fact Sheets
: Heating, Heat, Energy...

Pulse Thermal Processing of Functional Materials Using a Directed Plasma Arc Using pulses of high density infrared light from a directed plasma arc, ORNL researchers invented a method to thermally process thin films and other functional materials on temperature-sensitive substrates. This approach, pulse thermal processing, could revolutionize the handling of functional materials because it reduce…

: Fact Sheets
: Plasma, Thin Film, Infrared...

Fluorescent Nanoparticles for Radiation Detection Researchers at ORNL invented a promising material for more efficient nanoscale scintillators, or radiation detectors. The new material, which can detect most kinds of radiation, consists of fluorescent nanoparticles embedded in a transparent matrix. The invention addresses needs in research, security, and industry for detectors with improved lig…

ORNL researchers developed a broad class of dynamic hybrid phase change materials and coupled them to residential heat pumps, inventing a super energy saver heat pump. This invention significantly improves heating/cooling efficiency in existing pumps and decreases greenhouse gases, due to reduced energy consumption. The ORNL invention uses what are essentially off-the-shelf components to obtain …

: Fact Sheets
: Phase Change , Heat, Pump...

Automated Sampling for Microarray Readout Using Electrospray Mass Spectrometry The growth of the microarray market has been limited by detection methods requiring complicated and unreliable external labeling. A new sampling and analysis technique that quickly determines the elemental composition of a microscopic sample was invented at ORNL. This sensitive, molecule-specific detection method offer…

Integrated Inverter Control for Multiple Electric Machines Conventional electric or hybrid electric vehicles have a main motor and one or more accessory motors or generators, plus an inverter for each. A consequence of this design is that each vehicle requires a number of inverters and inverter controllers, plus the engine volume to house them all. To improve options for motor design, ORNL resea…

Nanostructured Carbon Shows Promise for Energy Storage in Supercapacitors Researchers at ORNL have designed andsuccessfully developed a carbon nanomaterial with pore sizes ranging from the macropore to the mesopore, a promising material for the high energy storage demands of modern supercapacitors. Short power interruptions cost U.S. industry $80 billion annually in lost productivity. Waste energ…

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