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Ionic Liquids as Lubricants or Additives New ionic liquids invented at ORNL show great promise as lubricants for aluminum and steel in combustion engines, bearings, and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). The ammonium-based ionic liquids are strongly adsorbant on contact surfaces, leading to a more than 30% friction reduction in metal-based interacting parts, compared with conventional 15W40 e…

: Fact Sheets

Generation of Monodisperse Femtoliter Droplets by Shape-Induced Shear Generation of Monodisperse Femtoliter Droplets by Shape-Induced Shear Disclosure Number 201002427 Technology Summary This invention relates to a method for creating individual femtoliter scale aqueous droplets on demand at a microfabricated junction between an aqueous and oil channel i…

: Fact Cards
: Shaping, Shearing, Petroleum...

Interfacial controlled fusion of individual femtoliter droplets on demand Interfacial controlled fusion of individual femtoliter droplets on demand Disclosure Number 201002471 Technology Summary This disclosure describes a passive method for on-demand control of femtoliter-volume droplet formation and fusion, based on interfacial-induced forces that act …

: Fact Cards
: Fusion, Passive, control...

Superoleophilic Particles and Coatings Researchers at ORNL have developed a superoleophilic coating that pins a layer of oil to a specially coated substrate and particularly to the surface of the coating. The pinning action keeps the oil from leeching out of the coating, even when the coating is submerged in water or subjected to very wet conditions. This enables the oil to persist on the surfa…

: Fact Sheets
: Coating, Petroleum, Particle...

Latent fingerprints, invisible to the naked eye, are formed mainly by secretions such as sweat, dirt, and oils. They are challenging to capture because there is often time for the print to decompose by the time imaging techniques are applied. To improve the range of tools available for crime scene investigation, ORNL researchers invented a method to detect and analyze latent prints on challenging …

: Fact Sheets
: Imaging, Chemistry, Petroleum...

Particle analysis is useful for determining chemical compositions in a wide range of disciplines, from ascertaining the source of a petroleum sample to duplicating a fragrance. The technique is appealing to a broad cross section of analytical sciences, but its applications are limited because, for existing equipment, sample size is limited and the testing is carried out under a high vacuum. The …

: Fact Sheets
: Assembly, Particle, Sampling...

Biocell Pros and Cons E N V I R O N M E N T A L S C I E N C E S D I V I S I O N S C I E N C E T O S U S T A I N O U R E N V I R O N M E N T B I O T R E A T M E N T O F S O I L S I N S U P P O R T O F F O R T S T E W A R T A R M Y F A C I L I T Y Bioremediation Basics Soils contaminated with toxic substances are most frequently treated by removing and transporting the soil to an o…

Sensor for Determining Biofuel Concentration in Petroleum-derived Fuels Sensor for Determining Biofuel Concentration in Petroleum-derived Fuels Disclosure Number 201202864 Technology Summary The invention disclosure relates to sensor systems and more specifically to a sensor for identifying the percent of biofuel in a petroleum fuel. Biofuels are more fr…

: Fact Cards

Fs Intensified Reaction Biodiesel March 2008 An Intensified Reaction/Product Recovery Process for the Continuous Production of Biodiesel Cooperative Research into Biobased Fuels between ORNL and Nu-Energie Biodiesel: This project supports the Administration's initiative to encourage use of environmentally friendly, sustainable, and domestic supplies of transportation fuel by reducing U.S. gas…

System for Detecting Petroleum Product Quantity and Adulteration Disclosure Number 201002393 Technology Summary Diesel fuel for over-road use is taxed at a higher level than off-road use petroleum products such as marine diesel and heating oil. These latter products are currently marked with dyes in order to distinguish them from over-road diesel fuel. Cu…

: Fact Cards
: Diesel Fuel, Assembly, system...
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