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Genetically Modified Microorganisms with Enhanced Resistance to Acetate Efficient conversion of lignocellulose to alternative fuels is hindered by the difficulty of breaking down plant biomass. Pretreatment of materials is a necessary part of the production process; but during pretreatment, chemicals such as acetate form and inhibit or even stop fermentation. To address this challenge, ORNL resea…

Biofuelsupplychaininfrastructure Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel The Infrastructure Challenge of Moving to Cellulosic Ethanol The rapid growth of the corn-based ethanol industry suggests that infrastructure development was not a major limitation. Cellulosic-based advanced biofuel has a target of 21 billion gallons by 2022 and requires almost all…

Biofuel production from whole Agave plants Disclosure Number 201303016 Technology Summary If the semi-arid (rainfall <31 inches) regions in the western half of the US could be used to grow biomass for conversion to biofuels, additional sources of biofuels needed to displace petroleum could be produced from otherwise unproductive lands. Agave plants are producti…

Catalytic Conversion of Bioethanol to Hydrocarbons A method for catalytically converting an alcohol to a hydrocarbon without requiring purified or concentrated alcohol was invented by ORNL researchers. This approach can be used for relatively dilute bio-mass produced alcohols, such as those found in a biomass fermentation reactor. Conventional biomass to hydrocarbon conversion is generally not c…

PHEV Advanced Series Gen-set Development/Demonstration Activity - FY12 Annual Report Components & Systems FY 2012 Annual Progress Report 1 I. COMPONENTS & SYSTEMS I.A. 1000193.00 PHEV Advanced Series Gen-set Development/Demonstration Activity Principal Investigator: Paul H. Chambon Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) 2360 Cherahala Boulevard Knoxville, TN 37932 Phone: (8…

Fs Spatialmodeling Geographicpatterns Biodiversitybiofuel Spatial Modeling of Geographic Patterns in Biodiversity and Biofuel Production How can the US develop sustainable biomass energy? An important future challenge currently facing the U.S. will be to ensure that bioenergy supplies meet sustainable production standards that include consideration of biodiversity. The future of the biofuel indu…

Microorganisms to Speed Production of Biofuels Researchers at ORNL developed microorganisms that can quickly overcome the resistance of biomass to breakdown, and improved both the cost and efficiency of the biofuel conversion process. Conventional biomass pretreatment methods release sugars, weak acids, and metabolic by-products that slow down or even stop fermentation, resulting in slower biofu…

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: Biomass, Ethanol, Production...

Biofuel Supply Chain Infrastructure: Optimizing the Evolution of Cellulosic Biofuel The rapid growth of the corn-based ethanol industry suggests that infrastructure development was not a major limitation. Cellulosic-based advanced biofuel has a target of 21 billion gallons by 2022 and requires almost all new infrastructure concentrated in a different region. The transition requires not only ad…

Method for Removing Precipitates in Biofuel At ORNL the application of ultrasonic energy, or sonication, has been shown to successfully remove or prevent the formation of 50 90% of the precipitates in biofuels. Precipitates can plug filters as biodiesel is transported from one location to another, and often cannot be detected by visual inspection. This simple method solves one of the most seri…

Fs Intensified Reaction Biodiesel March 2008 An Intensified Reaction/Product Recovery Process for the Continuous Production of Biodiesel Cooperative Research into Biobased Fuels between ORNL and Nu-Energie Biodiesel: This project supports the Administration's initiative to encourage use of environmentally friendly, sustainable, and domestic supplies of transportation fuel by reducing U.S. gas…

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