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Nanofermentation induced nanomaterials under non-reducible elemental systems

The U.S. is currently spending 18% of total U.S. electricity consumption for lighting (DOE, 2010). Some 98% of the energy input to incandescent bulbs ends up as heat instead of light. Fluorescent lighting, which can turn 10-15 % of the input energy into light, contains a small amount of toxic mercury (Tonzani et al., 2009). Thus environmentally- friendly solid state lighting (SSL), 20-30 times more efficient than incandescent and 2-3 times than fluorescent, has been of great interest (Krishna et al., 2007). The invention provides a produce light emitting device, photocatalyst, and other light-related reacting nanomaterials which are produced specifically under without reducible metals in the system unlike traditional microbiological concepts which need at least one reducible metal in the system for biomineralization.

Biosciences Division
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Phone: (865) 576-4680
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