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Contour plot of FE current (in nA) from an isolated VACNC, measured during a raster scan of the 2- m- diam probe at a height of 10 m above the substrate surface and biased at 300 V. The probe was scanned in discrete steps of 2 m with a current measurement taken after each step.

Sensing Individual Carbon Nanotube Emissions Probe for mapping field emission from individual vertically aligned carbon nanofibers and nanotubes Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and nanotubes (CNTs) have been shown in many studies to be candidates for use as cold cathodes for electron field emission (FE) applications. During the past few years, prototype microelectronic devices based upon these materials also have been demonstrated. Vertically oriented CNFs and CNTs grown on a substrate are potentially promising FE materials due to the modest FE turn-on field that should result from a high geometric field enhancement factor.

FE studies performed by other researchers of films containing closely, but randomly, spaced vertically oriented CNFs and CNTs fail to elucidate the FE properties of individual emitters due to their close proximity to each other in these films. A moveable probe ~2 m in diameter was developed to enable measuring the FE properties of individual vertically aligned carbon nanofibers (VACNFs) provided that they are separated sufficiently from each other such that the electric field from the probe (anode) is negligibly weak at neighboring nanofibers, thus providing data that are not available from large nonimaging flat-plate anodes typically used by others. More details may be found in the following reference: Baylor, L. R., et al., J. Appl. Phys., 91 (7), 4602-4606 (2002) Features: Individual carbon nanostructure measured for field emission First of a kind measurements Diagnostic and research tool Point of Contact: Larry Baylor Senior Research Staff Fusion Energy Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory P.O. Box 2008 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-8071 Phone: 865-574-1164, Fax: 865-576-7926 Separate SEM images of the moveable probe nd a F combin with proper scali g to show the configuration for the measurements, with the probe at a height of 10 mm bove the substrate surf ce.


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